Lee vs. McClellan: The First Campaign

Lee vs. McClellan: The First Campaign

Clayton R. Newell

Language: English

Pages: 325

ISBN: 0895264528

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


An examination of an important campaign between these two generals that set the scene for the pending war.

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Hill/Rich Mountain campaign role, 123-124, 136; Sewell Mountain campaign role, 238, 239, 247-248, 249-250 McDowell, Brig. Gen. Irwin, Manassas Junction battle role, 161-163, 165, 166, 167, 169, 170 McFeeley, Capt., 119 McKinley, William, 202; career after the first campaign, 281 Mexican War, 23-24, 39; Battle of Cerro Gordo, 39, 43-44, 53, 118; Battle of Vera Cruz, 39, 43; Beauregard’s role, 43; Lee’s role, 39, 42-45, 217; McClellan’s role, 39, 43, 53-54, 55; Scott’s role, 23-24, 25, 39, 53;

ordered the execution to proceed. Brown’s death prompted an emotional debate over the slavery issue. In death John Brown became a martyr for Northern abolitionists, while the spread of his fanatic antislavery views heightened Southern concerns about their future as part of the United States. For Lee, Brown’s raid was a small military affair, but it had directly involved him with Floyd and Wise, two political rivals whose animosity would come back to haunt him within two years of the events at

on the issue, and Confederate military strength was growing in the area.20 The day after the election Porterfield was joined by Lieutenant Colonel J. M. Heck and five locally recruited militia companies, four of infantry and one of cavalry. On May 25 Porterfield wrote Richmond, pleading for more officers and weapons. To emphasize his plight he instructed Heck personally to carry the message to Richmond and stress the need for more troops. Heck left Fetterman shortly after midnight on the 26th

Federal flank attack by Rosecrans, there had been a brief action in front of the Confederate position. The Third Ohio had finally been ordered into action, and Major J. Warren Keifer, in charge of the Federal picket line along Roaring Creek, had led a small force of the eager Ohioans forward but had been driven off by cannon fire. Pegram, hearing the sounds of the firefight near the Hart house to his rear at about the same time as the Ohio engagement, rushed toward the sound of the guns behind

a few trees across the turnpike, and there were occasional skirmishes as the Confederate rear guard harassed the head of the Federal column, but by July 29 Cox had reached Gauley Bridge where his forces “captured some fifteen hundred stands of arms and a considerable store of munitions.” Wise had departed two days earlier after burning the bridge across the Gauley River. By the time Cox arrived, the Confederates were well on their way to White Sulphur Springs to join forces with Floyd. Cox

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