Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution, 1863-1877 (New American Nation Series)

Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution, 1863-1877 (New American Nation Series)

Eric Foner

Language: English

Pages: 736

ISBN: 0060158514

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub

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for a Republican South CHAPTER 8 Reconstruction: Political and Economic CHAPTER 9 The Challenge of Enforcement CHAPTER 10 The Reconstruction of the North CHAPTER 11 The Politics of Depression CHAPTER 12 Redemption and After Epilogue Selected Bibliography Index Acknowledgments About the Author Other Books by Eric Foner PRAISE FOR RECONSTRUCTION Copyright About the Publisher Photographic Inserts Notes Abbreviations Used in Footnotes AC—Annual Cyclopedia AgH—Agricultural

mechanism that appeared preferable to maintaining indefinitely a standing army in the South, or establishing a permanent national bureaucracy empowered to oversee Reconstruction.)54 In establishing the primacy of a national citizenship whose common rights the states could not abridge, Republicans carried forward the state-building process born of the Civil War. “It is a singular fact,” Wendell Phillips declared as Congress deliberated, “that, unlike all other nations, this nation has yet a

investment, the best one they could make.” Not that Democrats lacked for funds. Agricultural machinery manufacturer Cyrus McCormick and financiers linked to Belmont donated money, but it is significant that the largest contribution came from a patent medicine advertiser, H. T. Humbolt. For, more than in any previous election, Northern capitalists had united behind the Republican party.111 In the South, the prospect that a Seymour victory would undo Reconstruction dominated the Democratic

to the woods each night to avoid assault. The victims included a black militia leader, found hanging from a tree in March with a note pinned to his breast, “Jim Williams on his big muster,” and Elias Hill, a self-educated black teacher, minister, and “leader amongst his people.” Even by the standards of the postwar South, the whipping of Hill was barbaric: A dwarflike cripple with limbs “drawn up and withered away with pain,” he had mistakenly believed “my pitiful condition would save me.” Hill

among whites, he replied: “I would prefer to live by ourselves, for there is a prejudice against us in the South that will take years to get over.” Four days later, Sherman issued Special Field Order No. 15, setting aside the Sea Islands and a portion of the low country rice coast south of Charleston, extending thirty miles inland, for the exclusive settlement of blacks. Each family would receive forty acres of land, and Sherman later provided that the army could assist them with the loan of

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