United States History: 1789 to 1841: The Developing Nation (Essentials)
John F. Chilton
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United States History: 1789 to 1841 includes Washington and the Federalist Era, the Jeffersonian Era, the War of 1812, the Monroe presidency, the Marshall court, the Missouri Compromise, Jacksonian Democracy, Ante-Bellum culture, Manifest Destiny, and increasing sectional stress.
Force Bill from Congress (1833), which empowered him to use federal troops to enforce the collection of the taxes. And he suggested the possibility of hanging Calhoun. At the same time, he offered a gradual reduction in the levels of the duties. Calhoun backed down, both sides claimed victory, and the crisis was averted. 4.9 THE WAR ON THE BANK 4.9.1 The Controversy The Bank of the United States had operated under the direction of Nicholas Biddle since 1823. He was a cautious man, and his
contracts, if the general welfare was involved. 4.13.4 Party Philosophies The Democrats opposed big government and the requirements of modernization: urbanization and industrialization. Their support came from the working classes, small merchants, and small farmers. The Whigs promoted government participation in commercial and industrial development, the encouragement of banking and corporations, and a cautious approach to westward expansion. Their support came largely from Northern business
There Smith was killed by a mob, and the community was led to the Great Salt Lake by their new leader, Brigham Young, in one of the great epic migrations to the West. 5.6.2 The Church The Mormons were the most successful of the communal experiments. They established a highly organized, centrally controlled system, which provided security and order for the faithful. They held a strong belief in human perfectability, and so were in the mainstream of romantic utopians. 5.7 REMAKING SOCIETY:
society. Literature and scholarship shriveled, and creative writers like Edgar Allan Poe and William Gilmore Simms became the rare exception. The last serious Southern debate over the institution of slavery took place in the Virginia legislature in 1832, in the aftermath of Nat Turner’s revolt. That discussion squelched any move toward emancipation. In 1836 Southern members of the U.S. House of Representatives pushed through the infamous “gag rule,” which forbade any discussion on the question
THE OREGON COUNTRY The Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819 had set the northern boundary of Spanish possessions near the present northern border of California. The territory north of that line and west of the vague boundaries of the Louisiana Territory had been claimed over the years by Spain, England, Russia, France, and the United States. By the 1820’s, all these claims had been yielded to Britain and the United States. The Hudson’s Bay Company had established a fur trading station at Fort Vancouver,